Our primary research fields are high temperature processing, bridging the gap between the fundamental study and industrial application for pyrometallurgical production and refining of metals.

Our research interests include:

  • Thermodynamic and phase equilibria of metallurgical slags
  • Physiochemical properties of high temperature melts, e.g. viscosity, thermal and electrical conductivity, density
  • Fluid dynamics of bath smelting techniques
  • Development of advanced refractories
  • Secondary steel refining and inclusion control
  • Microalloyed and oxide metallurgy of advanced steels

Experimental Facilities and thermodynamic software

2. Water model of bath smelter

Water model of bath smelterWater model of horizontal cylinder fitted with gas injection lances is used to simulate the flow dynamics of melts in the smelter or converter. Gas injection rate, angle, bath layers and height can be easily adjusted.

These parameters will be used to build empirical equations to guide the process optimisation of industrial application. Formation of wave, plume eye and splashing can also be investigated at different conditions.